Russia Before 1917 in Color Photos That Look Incredibly Alive

Almost one hundred years ago, Russia was a very different country. An enormous empire spreading across Asia to northern Europe, it was home to different nationalities, tribes, and rulers.
When the revolutions in 1917 dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and established communism in Europe, many were forced to leave their country in order to escape the regime.
One of them was a renowned Russian photographer Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky (1863–1944), who years earlier became famous thanks to his color portrait of Leo Tolstoy. The photo was noticed by Tsar Nicholas II., who sent Prokudin-Gorsky on the trip of his life.
Lithograph print of photograph Leo Tolstoy by Prokudin-Gorsky, 1908, the first color photo portrait in Russia. (Public domain)
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Prokudin-Gorsky went on to capture the whole length of the Russian Empire in color.
Spinning yarn in the village of Izvedovo in 1910. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Greek workers harvesting tea from plants near Chakva, on the east coast of the Black Sea, between 1907 and 1915. This region of the Russian Empire was located in present day Ukraine, Moldova, and Georgia, and had a significant Greek minority. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

A girl with strawberries, Russian Empire in 1909. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)
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Monks planting potatoes on the property of the Gethsemane Monastery in 1910. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

The Emir of Bukhara, Alim Khan, in a portrait from 1911, shortly after his accession. After the Soviets were established in Bukhara (present day Uzbekistan) in 1920, the Emir was forced to flee to Afghanistan where he died in 1944. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Family mining operation in the Bakaly hills, outside the city of Ekaterinburg, in 1910. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Ekaterinin Spring in the resort town once called Borzhom, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Melon vendor in Samarkand, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

A Dagestani, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)
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Sarts, or settled inhabitants, in Samarkand, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Dagestani people, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Jewish boys in traditional dress study with their teacher in Samarkand, in 1911. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

A Bashkir woman in a folk costume in 1910. Bashkira is a part of Orenburg Oblast, close to the border of Kazakhstan. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

A. P. Kalganov with his son and granddaughter in the industrial town of Zlatoust in the Ural Mountain region of Russia, in 1910. The Zlatoust Arms Plant was a major supplier of armaments to the Russian military since the early 1800s. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Catholic Armenian woman in customary dress, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Photographer Prokudin-Gorskii (far right) with Murman men at northwest Russia in 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

A bureaucrat in Bukhara, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Prokudin-Gorskii, right front, and others ride the Murmansk Railroad in a handcar along the shores of Lake Onega near Petrozavodsk in 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

A Georgian woman, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Unidentified prisoner in shackles, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Pinkhus Karlinskii, 84 years old, the supervisor of the Chernigov floodgate with 66 years in service to the Russian Empire, in 1909. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Ethnic Russian settlers to the Mugan Steppe region at the settlement Grafovka, north of the border with Persia, between 1907 and 1915. Settlement of Russians in non-European parts of the empire was encouraged by the government. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Turkman man with camel loaded with sacks in Central Asia, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Children near White Lake, in the north of European Russia, 1909. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

A Bashkir switch operator by the main line of the railroad, near the town of Ust-Katav on the Yuryuzan River in the Ural Mountains of European Russia in 1910. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

A fabric merchant in Samarkand, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Nomadic Kirghiz on the Golodnaia Steppe, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Peasant girls of the Russian Empire in 1909. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Full-length profile portrait of a woman, possibly Turkman or Kirghiz, on a carpet at the entrance to a yurt, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

The Ostrechiny, Study, Russian Empire in 1909. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Prison with inmates and guard wearing a Russian uniform, in the Central Asian part of the Russian Empire, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

An early autumn scene from 1909. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)
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Preparations for pouring concrete foundations for a dam across the Oka River southeast of Moscow, near the small town of Dedinovo, in 1912. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

Photographer himself posing near the Kivach waterfall, Suna River, between 1905 and 1915. (Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky/LOC)

The larger selection of Prokudin-Gorksy images can be found at the Library of Congress.

Parade Gives Chinese in Flushing Second Chance to Learn About Falun Gong

NEW YORK—Swirling dragon dances, a graceful procession of women in traditional Chinese dress, and the thundering brass and drums of a marching band were highlights of a 1,000-strong march that coursed through the streets of Flushing in Queens on April 23. The event attracted a crowd of onlookers, mostly from the local Chinese community.
The participants—mostly adherents of the Falun Gong spiritual practice, persecuted in its native China—held up bright signs and banners emblazoned with Chinese and English phrases and Falun Gong symbols.
In this latest demonstration of Falun Gong’s continued, peaceful presence in the overseas Chinese community, the march and subsequent rally provided an opportunity for overseas Chinese in New York to see, react to, and explore their views and feelings about the meditative discipline and its practitioners in real life, away from the repression and propaganda stifling independent expression in the Chinese homeland.
Falun Gong practitioners participating in the Flushing parade hold a large banner showing the Law Wheel symbol of Falun Gong. (Larry Dye/Epoch Times)
Falun Gong practitioners depict heavenly maidens in the Flushing parade. (Larry Dye/Epoch Times)
A dragon dance troupe formed by Falun Gong practitioners performs in the Flushing parade. (Larry Dye/Epoch Times)
members of the Tian Guo marching band perform in the Flushing parade. (Larry Dye/Epoch Times)
Mr. Guo, an elderly man from northeastern China, was astonished to see the march and performances, a side of Falun Gong he had only heard rumors of in China.
“You can’t see anything like this back in China,” he said. “No one dares mention [Falun Gong] in the open. People all know it’s good, but why exactly, they don’t know. The [Chinese] media won’t report it, and it’s so hard to see the truth about it.”
You can’t see anything like this back in China.— Mr. Guo, Flushing local.

Organized by local Falun Gong practitioners, the parade marks the upcoming 17th anniversary of a weighty turning point in contemporary China: the peaceful appeal of April 25, 1999, in Beijing. On this date, over 10,000 adherents of Falun Gong, worried about mounting harassment by the regime, calmly stood across the street from Zhongnanhai, the leadership compound of the Chinese communist authorities.
Falun Gong practitioners gathered around Zhongnanhai to silently, peacefully appeal for fair treatment on April 25, 1999. (Photo courtesy
Despite reassurances given by the moderate Chinese premier Zhu Rongji, and via state-run media, in less than three months the Communist Party launched on July 20 a still-ongoing nationwide campaign of mass arrests, hate propaganda, torture, and mass murder aimed at eradicating Falun Gong.
The practice consists of five sets of meditation exercises and a set of teachings that echo Buddhist and Taoist traditions and aid practitioners in improving their character and morality. It is taught by Master Li Hongzhi, who introduced the practice to the public in 1992.
Many younger Chinese viewing the Flushing parade were at a loss for words even as they shot video on their phones or regarded the scene in momentary surprise. Some onlookers jeered and voiced anti-Falun Gong sentiments, while others commended the parade and affirmed their support for the practice and freedom of belief.
Flushing locals look on as the dragon dance troupe performs. (Leo Timm/Epoch Times)
Flushing locals watch and record video of the April 23 parade. (Leo Timm/Epoch Times)
“Of course I support it,” said Ms. Li, an energetic woman watching the parade with her child. “These are universal values. I think everyone around the world should support it.”
“I just like Falun Gong. I’m a very straightforward person, I like being straightforward,” Ms. Zhao, a middle-aged woman who came to the United States twenty years ago, told New Tang Dynasty Television (NTD), a media partner of Epoch Times. “Look at how the Communist Party embezzles money and makes a mess of everything. I know that what Falun Gong says is true. When I was in the mainland I didn’t know anything, I was ignorant.”
Out of the two dozen people that Epoch Times approached for comment, one woman expressed reservations about Falun Gong, repeating arguments commonly found in state media painting the practice as one that leads people to obsession or neglect of every day responsibilities.
When I was in the mainland I didn’t know anything, I was ignorant. — Ms. Zhao, Flushing local.

Mr. Zhang, a casually-dressed businessman from southern China, overheard the conversation and disagreed.
“She is crazy,” he said, approaching us as we started to move on.
“I think the parade is very good, very healthy,” Zhang said. “Speaking from a neutral perspective, I don’t see anything bad about this at all.”
Falun Gong practitioners in the Flushing parade. (Larry Dye/Epoch Times)
Zhang said that before the persecution, Falun Gong meditators were a common sight in parks, and that the Chinese regime had used the April 25 appeal as an excuse to frame Falun Gong as a dangerous movement. As he spoke, several Chinese gathered inconspicuously to listen to Zhang.
“Their message of truthfulness, compassion, and tolerance made a deep impression on me,” Zhang said, repeating the cardinal principles of Falun Gong teachings. “Many people don’t understand that the Communist Party is the most successful, most evil fraud on earth. When the Party kills people they accept it, when the Party fails to reform, they accept it, when the Party makes mistakes, they accept it too.”
An elderly man from Hunan Province, stood listening in silence for nearly the entirety of the conversation with Zhang. When spoken to, he recalled how Falun Gong practitioners had not broken any laws and seemed to incur the Party’s wrath without warning.
The son of an ardent Party member, and having been employed in state-run, private, and foreign enterprises while in China, Zhang said that he and many peers gave up lives of affluence to live in the open society of the United States.
“People should act according to their conscience, and think with their heads,” Zhang said. “But many mainland Chinese haven’t lived in a culture of freedom. They don’t know the darkness of the Communist Party.”
Following the parade, participants gathered to hear about a dozen speakers at a street rally before the Queens Library, who shared their experiences during the months of 1999 and during the ensuing persecution.
The April 25 appeal was motivated by the arrest of 45 practitioners by police in the port city of Tianjin, which is in northern China, about 50 miles from Beijing. The practitioners there had been protesting an article slandering Falun Gong—it was one piece in a growing storm of negative media coverage in the state-run press, later demonstrated to be a prelude to physical repression.
We just wanted a legal environment to continue our practice.— Li Linlin, Falun Gong practitioner.

Li Linlin, a practitioner of Falun Gong who was studying in the city of Nanjing, said that at the time, Chinese practitioners who came out to speak up for Falun Gong had simple motivations: to testify to Falun Gong’s peaceful and simple nature.
“After this kind of incident we felt wronged, we hoped to get help from the government and clarify the matter. I didn’t think of the Party’s despotism back then, we just wanted a legal environment to continue our practice.”
Li Linlin with her daughter at the parade staging area. (Leo Timm/Epoch Times)
Even with the 1989 Tiananmen square massacre in recent memory, many thought that the regime would vindicate Falun Gong, which had no political agenda, no hierarchical organization, and had enjoyed wide support among high-ranking Party and government officials.
Thousands of practitioners living in the province of Jiangsu, including Li, had gone to the provincial authorities in Nanjing on April 27 to support the efforts of practitioners in Beijing. It was a scene that played out in other major cities throughout the country.
The Jiangsu authorities gave evasive answers, Li recalls, and in the three months before the start of the persecution, police stepped up harassment of practitioners before the mass arrests and 24/7 propaganda barrage that began on July 20 made the repression official.
Chen Xianyu, 77, has practiced Falun Gong since 1993 and took part in the demonstration at Zhongnanhai.
“I knew the meditation practice was good, and I’ve benefited both spiritually and physically. Surely I had to express my feelings to the government, and ensure our right to practice,” she said.
Even if the Communist Party has not vindicated Falun Gong, the attitudes of overseas Chinese have shifted noticeably from previous years, when Falun Gong and the persecution against it were clear taboos.
Falun Gong performers depicting heavenly maidens prepare to move out for the Flushing parade. (Leo Timm/Epoch Times)
Mr. Guo, the elderly parade goer, said that he was impressed by the reach of Falun Gong beyond China.
“I knew several Falun Gong practitioners who said that many people from different nations practiced. I didn’t believe it at first, but now I see that what they spoke of was only a fraction of the reality,” he said. “There are so many people practicing Falun Gong, even many Westerners.”
“I think that the right to belief is one of our freedoms,” a passerby surnamed Fan told NTD. “Everyone has their own beliefs. It’s a pretty scary thing for a nation to lose its faith.”
Juliet Song contributed to this report.

Pooja Mor on Modeling Life, New York, and What Keeps Her Grounded

Fashion modeling, as one might imagine, is not for the fainthearted. It is a world where one has to walk the line between open self-expression and mystery, between being a blank canvas and the total embodiment of a brand’s look, and above all else, being fearless with just the right amount of vulnerability.
If one had to create such a creature, it would sound like a tall order. Yet New York-based Indian model Pooja Mor is all that and quite a lot more.
After being scouted—via Instagram—by the folks over at Louis Vuitton, many other major brands followed. She’s walked and posed for Stella McCartney, Givenchy, Calvin Klein, Alexander McQueen, Tory Burch, Narciso Rodriguez, Roberto Cavalli, Missoni, Jill Stuart, and Elie Saab. She was not just catapulted to runways and magazine covers, but as a figure of diversity for fashion fans.
If you can really live every second, you will really feel the beauty of life on a much deeper level. Follow your destiny and be grounded in yourself.— Pooja Mor

Soft-spoken, humble, and wise, Mor recounted the quirky twist of fate that thrust her into the limelight and launched her career in a conversation with this Epoch Times reporter in Chelsea, Manhattan.
Fashion model Pooja Mor meditates in Central Park on April 19, 2016. (Benjamin Chasteen/Epoch Times)
An Unplanned Miss Ahmedabad
In college, where Mor studied computer engineering, she got involved with a modeling hunt in the city of Ahmedabad called Fresh Face—as an organizer.
But as the crowd became increasingly rowdy, cheering for the contestants, she stepped on stage to curb their enthusiasm so that the event could continue smoothly.
Instead of heeding her request, the venue resounded to the name of Pooja!
It turns out her friend had submitted her name as one of the contestants as a joke.
The judges asked her to showcase her talents and, on the spur of the moment, Mor decided to simply walk, stopping at the end of the stage to do a turn and some “funny” poses.
To cut a long story short, to Mor’s great surprise, she turned out to be the “fresh face” they were looking for and won the contest.
Her first modeling stints, during Fashion Week in Delhi and then in Mumbai, gave her a taste of things to come, although she didn’t foresee that her next job would land her in Bob Hope’s futuristic house in Palm Springs where she modeled the Louis Vuitton Resort collection just last May.
It has been exactly one year since Mor decided to call New York home—or at least, a home away from home. Yet dressed in skinny jeans, a black leather jacket, and comfy lace-up boots, she looks the part of a New Yorker, except that she wears no make up.
“New York is the easiest city to live in because everybody is from everywhere and there’s a common language as well. And there are so many options for everything,” she said, speaking softly.
Fashion model Pooja Mor in Central Park on April 19, 2016. (Benjamin Chasteen/Epoch Times)
A day off means going to see Bollywood movies with friends, cooking and eating Indian food, trips to the library, walking in Central Park, and going to Brooklyn to relax and explore outside Manhattan.
She returns to India to de-stress from the crescendo of engagements that culminate around fashion weeks, then comes back again to the energy hub that is New York.
Mor credits her seamless adjustment to the high pressure world of fashion to always maintaining a positive attitude—the rest “flows from that,” she said, including her “runway face.”
“You need to have a lot of confidence to walk in front of so many people and they’re looking at every single inch of you,” she said, punctuating every word. “Even if it’s for 30 seconds, you really feel it. I have good thoughts.”
What also helps is the fact that Mor studied Indian classical dance in the Kathak (storytelling) style from the time she was a child, performing onstage in full costume and makeup.
“People notice that I move differently. I think dancing helped me a lot,” she said.
Mor discussed her career, her advice to models who are starting out, and some philosophies that keep her grounded on a daily basis. The interview has been edited for length and clarity.
Fashion model Pooja Mor in Central Park on April 19, 2016. (Benjamin Chasteen/Epoch Times)
Quick Q&A
Epoch Times: What keeps you grounded?
Ms. Mor: I started Falun Dafa two years ago. I always keep some time for myself [in the morning], doing Dafa exercises (meditation) and then Pilates. That time is my time that connects me to myself—to look within. Being born Indian I always did meditation—yoga and meditation, you just do since you’re a kid. My family is so spiritual. That makes me look at life differently.
Epoch Times: Role models?
Ms. Mor: Blake Lively. When I was in India I was inspired when I saw her Gucci campaign, but I also like her style, and the way she carries herself is very beautiful.
Epoch Times: Have you ever been surprised by the way you are captured in a photo?
Ms. Mor: It’s always so amazing to create something so different from what you are, and also to still have the connection of yourself to that.
Epoch Times: What is your beauty routine?
Ms. Mor: I don’t use soap on my face, I just rinse with water and I use coconut oil—it’s great for your skin, andhair as well.
Epoch Times: If you were to be involved with the beauty industry, what kind of products would you be involved with?
Ms. Mor: Ideally, [products for] hair, and any natural, organic skin care. And makeup is amazing—it can give you so many ideas; you can create so much.
Epoch Times: What would you do if modeling didn’t work out?
Ms. Mor: I would continue with my studies but I’m still looking to find out what I’d like to do my post-gradate studies in. I was preparing to do my MBA [Master of Business Administration] after completing my computer engineering degree, but then I started modeling.
Epoch Times: Favorite place to travel apart from your home town in Gujarat?
Ms. Mor: Paris, I love the city. The first time I went there, I felt like I was walking in a dream. I was really touched, by the architecture. Now I’m used to it, but I still remember the first time; I just walked along the river and the whole city looked so much like a dream.
Epoch Times: If you could time travel, which period would you go to?
Fashion model Pooja Mor in Central Park, New York, on April 19, 2016. (Benjamin Chasteen/Epoch Times)
Ms. Mor: I can answer it but I will answer it according to Indian culture. I would like to go to the time of Satiyug [Satya Yuga]. It is the time when humans were just born, and it was the first period of time. So [in Indian culture] the periods are divided in four Yugas (ages): Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, Dvapara Yuga and the last one, Kali Yuga, which is now.
Epoch Times: Why Satiyug?
Ms. Mor: Because I always heard about it in stories. At that time, the culture was so deep. [It was a time when] human and gods were very close, and you could talk to any god you want. People didn’t have much pain or suffering. They used to go to the goddess of color to get more colors. There are many TV series about these stories. And you can also read them in the scriptures.
Epoch Times: What do you hope to communicate to the world through your work?
Ms. Mor What I’ve seen here, is how people are always stressed about what is going to happen. I think if you can just let go of that, and just follow your path, it’s easier. So if you can really live every second, you will really feel the beauty of life on a much deeper level. Follow your destiny and be grounded in yourself.
Epoch Times: What about some of the decisions that models are sometimes asked to make?
Ms. Mor: The most important thing is that you should know what you want to do, and you should also know what you don’t want to do. You make your own decision. Sometimes girls do things under pressure, trying to launch their careers. But if you have the talent, your career is going to go well, any which way. Turning down one thing will not stop you from doing a thousand other things.
Fashion model Pooja Mor in Central Park on April 19, 2016. (Samira Bouaou/Epoch Times)

Nature Calms the Brain and Heals the Body

For the most part, our brains didn’t evolve in cities. But in a few decades, almost 70 percent of the world’s people will live in urban environments. Despite the prosperity we associate with cities, urbanization presents major health challenges. Cities, with their accelerated pace of life, can be stressful. The results are seen in the brains and behavior of those raised in cities or currently living in one.
On the upside, city dwellers are on average wealthier and receive better health care, nutrition, and sanitation than rural residents. On the downside, they experience an increased risk of chronic disease, a more demanding and stressful social environment, and greater levels of inequity. In fact, city dwellers have a 21 percent greater risk for anxiety disorders and a 39 percent increased likelihood of mood disorders.
(Joshua Earle/
A study published in Nature links city living with sensitivity to social stress. MRI scans show that greater exposure to urban environments can increase activity in the amygdala, a brain structure involved in emotions such as fear and the release of stress-related hormones. According to the study, the amygdala “has been strongly implicated in anxiety disorders, depression, and other behaviors that are increased in cities, such as violence.”
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The researchers also found that people who lived in cities for their first 15 years experienced increased activity in an area of the brain that helps regulate the amygdala. So if you grew up in the city, you’re more likely than those who moved there later in life to have permanently raised sensitivity to stress.
(Jordan Sanchez/
Author and professor David Gessner says we’re turning into “fast twitch” animals. It’s like we have an alarm clock going off in our brains every 30 seconds, sapping our ability to concentrate for longer periods of time. The demands of urban life include a constant need to filter information, dodge distractions, and make decisions. We give our brains little time to recover.
How do we slow things down? Nature seems to be the answer. Cognitive psychologist David Strayer’s hypothesis is that “being in nature allows the prefrontal cortex, the brain’s command center, to dial down and rest, like an overused muscle.”
Crescent City, Calif., United States. (Steve Carter/
Research shows even brief interactions with nature can soothe our brains. Stanford’s Gregory Bratman designed an experiment in which participants took a 50-minute walk in either a natural or an urban environment. People who took the nature walk experienced decreased anxiety, brooding, and negative emotion and increased memory performance.
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Bratman’s team found walking in natural environments can decrease rumination, the unhealthy but familiar habit of thinking over and over about causes and consequences of negative experiences. Their study also showed neural activity in an area of the brain linked to risk for mental illness was reduced in participants who walked through nature compared with those who walked through an urban environment.
(Samuel Zeller/Unsplash)
Korean researchers investigated the differences in brain activity when volunteers just looked at urban versus natural scenery. For those viewing urban images, MRI scans showed increased blood flow to the amygdala region. In contrast, areas of the brain associated with empathy and altruism lit up for those who viewed natural scenes.
In Japan, scientists found people spending time in nature—”shinrin-yoku” or “forest bathing”—inhale “beneficial bacteria, plant-derived essential oils, and negatively-charged ions,” which interact with gut bacteria to strengthen the body’s immune system and improve both mental and physical health.
Seven Mile Beach, Sydney, Australia. (Rafael Leão/Unplash)
Spending time in nature regularly is not a panacea for mental health, but it’s an essential component of health and psychological resilience. Nature helps us withstand and recover from life’s challenges. Even city dwellers can find nearby nature—a garden, local park, or trail—to give their overworked brains a break.
Let’s show our brains—and bodies—some love. Get outside!
Rönningesjön, Täby, Sweden. (Julia Caesar/Unplash)
Every spring, the David Suzuki Foundation challenges Canadians to spend more time outside for health and mental well-being. The 30×30 Nature Challenge asks people to commit to spending at least 30 minutes a day in nature for 30 days in May. When you take the 30×30 pledge at 30×, you’ll receive the latest research on the health benefits of spending time outdoors along with practical tips on how to add green time to your daily routine.
Trolltunga, Norway. (Julia Caesar/Unplash)
Written with contributions from Aryne Sheppard, senior public engagement specialist with the David Suzuki Foundation. This article was originally published on David Suzuki Foundation.

A Photographer in 1911 Captured New York’s Fifth Avenue Like ‘Google Street View’

About 200 years ago, Fifth Avenue was a mere country road leading to Yorkville, which was a small village at the time. But as New York City grew, so did the city’s famous artery.
At the turn of 20th century, the avenue perfectly reflected the huge changes that were happening in the city, and Fifth Avenue became synonymous with fashionable life, expensive mansions, as well as the city’s cultural and social institutions.
Photographer Burton Welles decided to capture Fifth Avenue with his wide-angle lens—from one end to the other.

In 1907, Fifth Avenue was earmarked as a factory hub, but its residents and fellow New Yorkers formed a movement to save the special character that the avenue had. And it was around this time photographer Burton Welles decided to capture Fifth Avenue with his wide-angle lens—from one end to the other.
Click on the plus sign to enlarge the photos.
From Washington Arch to West 8th Street. (NYPL)

East 7th St. Duncan, with the historic Hotel Brevoort, demolished in 1954. (NYPL)

From E. 14th S. to W. 18th St. (NYPL)

W.18th St. (NYPL)

Fifth Ave. between W. 10th and 11th St., with The Old First Presbyterian Church. (NYPL)

Madison Square Garden with the Metropolitan Tower. (NYPL)

E. 29th St. (NYPL)

Overlooking W. 34th St. (NYPL)

The Waldorf Astoria (on the left), opened in 1893 and brought commercialization to the whole of Fifth Ave. (NYPL)

Businesses around E. 35th St. (NYPL)

E. 43rd St. with the Temple Emanu-El of Reform Judaism, which was demolished in 1927 after the temple was moved to the Upper East Side. (NYPL)

The New Public Library at W. 42nd St. (NYPL)

The busy business area around W. 46th St., with a florist, jeweler, art dealer, and women’s apparel importer. (NYPL)

Home of S.R. Guggenheim at E. 58th St. (NYPL)

St. Patrick’s Cathedral at E. 51st St. (NYPL)

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. (NYPL)

Apartments at E. 85th St. (NYPL)

Andrew Carnegie’s residence at E. 90th St., which remains the same today. (NYPL)
See the whole collection at the NYPL website.

These Photos of Palmyra Before and After ISIS Are Heart Wrenching

The archaeological and historical marvel that is the ancient city of Palmyra has been ravaged by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
AFP photographer Joseph Eid has published emotive photos starkly illustrating the damage Palmyra has endured since its capture by ISIS in May 2015. Since ISIS took control, the international community has feared—correctly so— for the UNESCO heritage site.
Although they are not the first images that have surfaced since the Syrian Army took back Palmyra on March 27, 2016, Eid’s photographs poignantly demonstrate how damaging ISIS’s occupation has been on the ancient city.
The Temple of Bel on March 31, 2016, compared to a March 14, 2015 photograph of the temple, held by photograph Josheph Eid. The photo effectively conveys the damage ISIS reaped on the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra. (Joseph Eid/AFP/Getty Images)
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Taken on March 31, 2016, the image shows Eid holding his March 14, 2014 picture of the Temple of Bel in front of the remains of the historic temple after it was destroyed by ISIS in September 2015. (Joseph Eid/AFP/Getty Images)
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Standing in the ancient city of Palmyra, Eid holds his March 14, 2014 photograph of Triumph’s Arch taken on in front of the March 31, 2016 remains of the historic monument after it was destroyed by ISIS in October 2015. (Joseph Eid/AFP/Getty Images)
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The ruins of Triumph’s Arch on March 31, 2016 are juxtaposed against a photograph of the monument taken on March 14, 2014 by Eid. ISIS destroyed the ancient in October 2015, viewing them “idolatrous.” (Joseph Eid/AFP/Getty Images)

The Best Newborn Shoot Ever Stars Puppies

Ana Paula Grillo’s photographic eye has drawn “oohs” and “aahs” from the web yet again.
Grillo had her neighbor’s pregnant dog Lilica posed for a maternity photoshoot, during which “the mother-to-be radiated maternal grace.“
The day after the shoot, the pincher mix delivered four males, and one female.

Lilica, the pincher mix, posing for the camera a day before she went into labor. (Photo by Ana Paula Grillo)

Now, two weeks after posting Lilica’s photo shoot, Grillo has published the best newborn photo shoot on her Facebook page.
Featuring the ever-smiling Lilica and her five healthy pups, the newborn photo shoot, like the maternity photo shoot, lasted only 30 minutes, said Grillo via email.
The largest was dubbed Hulk and the one with the darkest fur was named Batman.

While she cannot recall the names of all the pups, Grillo does remember that some are named after superheroes. The largest was dubbed Hulk and the one with the darkest fur was named Batman. The only female puppy was named Filó.
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Lilica, a “top model,” was very collaborative, said Grillo. The photographer says she always jokes and talks to Lilica. Grillo even told Lilica how popular her photos have become on the internet, how the world loves them. The dog, remarked Grillo, seemed to understand.

honestly maternity pics are a lil weird but if you want some of ur pregnant dog I will say yes, no questions asked
— Eunice Beck (@eunicebeck) March 30, 2016

Grillo said that her work has changed a lot since she posted the first set of photos. The Brazilian photographer has hopes of working with more animals in the future—and more pet owners.
Related CoverageWhen People Receive Puppies, Something Magical Happens
Take a look at the glowing young mother and her 15-day-old puppies!

Photo by Ana Paula Grillo Photo by Ana Paula Grillo Photo by Ana Paula Grillo Photo by Ana Paula Grillo
Related CoverageWhen People Receive Puppies, Something Magical Happens
Photo by Ana Paula Grillo Photo by Ana Paula Grillo Photo by Ana Paula Grillo Photo by Ana Paula Grillo Photo by Ana Paula Grillo

Times Square Throughout The 20th Century

New York’s iconic tourist attraction, Times Square, has been the heart of the city since the early 20th century.
Formerly called Long Acre Square (or Longacre), the public space that developed around the intersection of Broadway and Seventh Avenue has since sprawled out to extend from 42nd Street to 49th Street.
While the features, atmosphere, and technology at the Big Apple’s center has changed over the last century, its mythic ability to gather together humans from around the world has never changed.
Below is a collection of images of Times Square during every decade of the 20th Century.
c.1905—This panorama of Longacre Square, looking south from 46th Street was originally copyrighted by the Detroit Publishing Company (Library of Congress). c.1908—Looking south down Broadway, nicknamed “the great white way,” from 42nd Street, with crowds gathered to see films projected outdoors (Library of Congress) c.1911—The New York Theatre can be seen to the left and Hotel Cadillac is present in the background (Library of Congress) c.1919—An interwar view of Times Square, looking south from 46th Street (Library of Congress) February 7, 1933— A southernly night time shot of Times Square by photographer Samuel Herman Gottscho (Library of Congress) 1937—Photographer Peter Sekaer captures an image of the Father Francis P. Duffy statue still wrapped up. The statue, sculpted by Charles Keck, was dedicated on May 2, 1937 by Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia (Library of Congress) March 1943—The wet pavement of Times Square looks as if it were the surface of a pond, in this photo taken by John Vachon (Library of Congress) Feburary 17, 1950—Looking north from the intersection of 44th Street, Broadway, left, and Seventh Avenue, right, this view shows the lighting in the Times Square. Broadway continues in the upper left; Seventh Avenue runs to the upper right. (AP Photo) June 22, 1961—The lights went on much earlier than usual as heavy clouds caused a semi darkness resembling twilight in New York. By 4:30 pm, the lights of Times Square theaters blazed brightly and reflected in the rain dampened streets. (AP Photo/Hans Von Nolde) January 8, 1971—Facing south, this is a general view of some of the advertising signs and displays found in Times Square when the photo was taken (AP Photo) March 11, 1982—Times Square Theatre Ticket Center, also known as TKTS, is an initiative created by Theatre Development Fund in 1973, five years after the fund’s creation in 1968 (AP Photo/Suzanne Vlamis) November 27, 1992—Spectators brave the elements as floats and balloons make their way through New York’s Times Square during the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade along Broadway. A 66-foot long tail trails behind the Pink Panther balloon (AP Photo/Richard Harbus) December 15, 1999—This image looks north, with Broadway slanting uptown to the left and Seventh Avenue extending straight on the right. This photo was taken just 16 days before the end of the 20th century (AP Photo/Aaron Jackson)

Photos: Surfing Under the Northern Lights in the Arctic Circle

Surfs up in the freezing cold.
Unstad beach, on the Lofoten Islands in Norway, is one of the most unlikely surfing hotspots in the world. Located inside the Arctic circle, the waters there offer sub-zero degree discomfort.
But the beauty of the islands, and the sheer attraction of surfing inside the Arctic circle, has made it a popular destination in recent years, aided by the development of wetsuit technology that makes the experience a little less troublesome.
“People think it will be super cold but it’s not a problem—the technology of the new wetsuits is just so good,” Marion Frantzen, who had been surfing on Unstad since the 1960s, told the Guardian in 2014.
And of course, the island offers a front seat view of the otherworldly Northern Lights.
A surfer looks at the Northern lights (aurora borealis) illuminating the sky over the snow covered beach of Unstad, on Lofoten Islands, Arctic Circle, on March 14, 2016. (Oliver Morin/AFP/Getty Images) (Oliver Morin/AFP/Getty Images) (Oliver Morin/AFP/Getty Images) (Oliver Morin/AFP/Getty Images)

Your Evening News Brief in Pictures: August 31, 2015

Migrant families sleep on the sea front in tents on August 31, 2015 in Kos, Greece. Migrants from many parts of the Middle East and African nations continue to flood into Europe before heading from Athens, north to the Macedonian border. Since the beginning of 2015 the number of migrants using the so-called ‘Balkans route’ has exploded with migrants arriving in Greece from Turkey and then travelling on through Macedonia and Serbia before entering the EU via Hungary. The number of people leaving their homes in war torn countries such as Syria, marks the largest migration of people since World War II. (Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)

Guatemala’s President Otto Perez Molina, center, leaves a press conference followed by his spokesman Jorge Ortega, in Guatemala City, Monday, Aug. 31, 2015. The head of Guatemala’s congress says that lawmakers would decide on Tuesday whether to lift Perez Molina’s immunity from prosecution in a corruption case, as recommended by a legislative committee. (AP Photo/Luis Soto)

Harris County District Attorney Devon Anderson explains outside state district court, on Monday, Aug. 31, 2015, in Houston, how Sheriff’s Deputy Darren Goforth was gunned down. Shannon Miles has been charged with capital murder in the death. Miles first shot the 10-year veteran in the back of the head and fired multiple times, authorities said Monday. (AP Photo/Pat Sullivan)Venus Williams of the United States returns a shot against Monica Puig of Puerto Rico during her Women’s Singles First Round match on Day One of the 2015 US Open at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center on August 31, 2015 in the Flushing neighborhood of the Queens borough of New York City. (Clive Brunskill/Getty Images)

A policeman (C) secures an area as people offer prayers at the reopened Erawan shrine in central Bangkok on August 31, 2015. Thai police said they had found bomb-making materials over the weekend in a second apartment following the arrest of a suspect over the Bangkok shrine bombing that left 20 people dead. (Nicolas Asfouri/AFP/Getty Images)Democratic Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton speaks at the Democratic National Committee summer meeting on August 28, 2015 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Could Clinton or her aides be in legal jeopardy if they sent classified information over unsecure email while she was secretary of state? Experts in government secrecy law see almost no possibility of criminal action in the Clinton case, given the evidence that has so far been made public. Clinton’s case appears to differ markedly from those of other prominent government officials who got in trouble for mishandling classified information, including former CIA director David Petraeus, who gave top secret information to his paramour, and former CIA director John Deutch, who took highly classified material home with him. (Adam Bettcher/Getty Images)

Monserrat Gutierrez, dressed as vocaloid Kasane Teto, rests on a green lawn as she waits to compete in the individual cosplayer category costume contest, during the Yuukai Expo, in Managua, Nicaragua, Sunday, Aug. 30, 2015. The expo is celebrating its second annual one day event for the lover of Japanese culture and anime. (AP Photo/Esteban Felix)

Ukrainian protesters, one using police riot equipment, clash with police after a vote to give greater powers to the east, outside the Parliament, Kiev, Ukraine, Monday, Aug. 31, 2015. The Ukrainian parliament has given preliminary approval to a controversial constitutional amendment that would provide greater powers to separatist regions in the east. Hundreds of people gathered in front of the parliament to protest against the amendment. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)

Croatia’s Marin Cilic returns a shot to Argentina’s Guido Pella during their 2015 US Open Mens Singles round 1 match at USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in New York on August 31, 2015. AFP PHOTO/JEWEL SAMAD (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)Chinese popular human rights activist Chen Guangcheng poses in Paris on August 31, 2015. Chen, who enraged authorities by exposing forced abortions and sterilizations under China’s one-child-only policy, escaped from house arrest in April 2012 and fled to the US embassy days ahead of a visit by Hillary Clinton. (Lionel Bonaventure/AFP/Getty Images)Migrants walk on a platform after arriving from Budapest at Vienna’s Westbahnhof railway station Austria, on August 31, 2015. After arriving at Vienna’s Westbahnhof, many of the migrants then boarded a train to Salzburg, while others climbed on to another one headed for Munich, with police looking on, an AFP correspondent at the scene said. (Joe Klamar/AFP/Getty Images)A performer in costume at the Notting Hill Carnival on August 31, 2015 in London, England. (Daniel C Sims/Getty Images)